CDM (GB) Knowledge Base
A Project includes all preparation, design, planning and construction work required to achieve the end result desired by the client. Many projects include many structures.
A Project is work involving a specific objective and includes construction. In most projects there will be more than one contract and in some contracts there may be more than one project.
Breaking projects into sub projects
HSE make the case that some projects need to be broken into separate projects where the phases are separated by 'substantial breaks' in time. A demolition carried out well in advance of a construction project needs to be considered a project in its own right.
Projects that go through 'distinct phases' requiring differing sets of management skills in each to manage health & safety successfully should also be broken into separate projects.
A recommended approach is to appoint a principal contractor from the outset to manage the whole project if he or she has the appropriate skills to manage and coordinate all the phases of the work. Alternatively, a different contractor should be appointed for each phase.
Clients need to ensure that the position of principal contractor is filled throughout the entire project 'at all times' and ensure that there is only one principal contractor at any one time.
HSE state that the key is to ensure that the right people are in the right place and the right time and that there is a clear hand over of responsibility when required.