Works on or Adjacent to Water
Designers Knowledge Base
Relationship to works
Is there is a water course on or adjacent to the site and will it be affected by the works? ( a water course includes rivers, canals,ditches, ponds, lakes and harbours).
A water course has several significant hazards, such as those shown below associated with it.
Hazards and risks
- immersion: consider the risks of cold water shock, hypothermia and possible drowning
- health hazards: consider possibilities of contaminated water and water borne diseases such as Weil's Disease
- flooding: consider possibility of site or excavation flooding
- falls from height: possibility of falls from height into water
- electrocution or explosion: caused by power cables in contact with the water
- moving water: consider the effects of currents, scour or flood water
- pollution: Will any of the operations to be carried out give rise to possible pollution of the watercourse?
- The Contractor shall not dispose of any substance which could cause pollution of a water course contrary to the Rivers (Prevention of Pollution) Act 1951-1961 or subsequent.
The designer should give consideration to the following design options to minimise or reduce the effects of some of the identified hazards:
- specify a prefabricated construction to avoid/reduce fabrication over water
- divert or exclude water by dams or pumping
- specify sequences of work to minimise exposure
- select more durable materials and finishes to minimise time spent on maintenance operations
- include provision for maintenance access